|Lifestyle of Coronary Artery Patients Aged Under and Over 45 years in Tabriz - Iran : A Comparison|
|Mohammad Hasan Sahebihagh1, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl2, Raziyeh Parizad3, Elnaz Javanshir4, Mina Hosseinzadeh5|
|1Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute and Department of Community Health Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center. Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Student Research Committee and Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Cardiology , Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5Department of Community Health Nursing,Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Artery, Age groups,Coronary heart diseases, Lifestyle
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Objectives: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and especially ischemic heart diseases (IHD) are one of the most important health-related issues the world. Lifestyle plays a remarkable role in preventing or developing such diseases. Therefore, given the importance of lifestyle as an influential factor in the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD)and the rise of these diseases in younger ages,the aim of the current research was to investigate and compare various aspects of patients’ lifestyles on developing CAD and subsequently to contrast them with non-affected patients.
Materials and Methods:This study included 368 people who were divided equally into four groups: under 45-years-old coronary disease; under 45-years-old non-coronary disease; 45-years and older coronary disease; and 45-years and older non-coronary disease. The participants were selected by means of convenience sampling from Tabriz’s Madani Heart Center and Shohada hospitals from March to June 2018. The non-coronary patients were matched with the coronary patients in terms of gender and age (±3 years). Data were collected using a 65-item lifestyle questionnaire through interviews.
Results:The mean lifestyle scores were obtained as following: under 45-years-old coronary patients (103.02±12.11) and their counterpart control group (123.83±10.35); 45-years-old and older patients (99.25±0.27) their counterpart control group (129.02±10.65). There was a significant difference between the coronary patient and non-coronary groups in both age categories (p<0.001). Comparison of the mean lifestyle scores between the under 45-years-old group and the 45-year-old and older group showed that the two groups only had a significant difference in the sub-scale physical activity and exercise (p<0.001) and dietary habits (p = 0.009).
Conclusion:Final results suggest that the risk factors for CAD in both age category are similar except lower physical activity and nutrition poorer in 45- years- old individuals .On this basis, primary and secondary prevention, risk factor control and promotion of healthy lifestyle at the family and society level should start from childhood and adolescence.
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