|Association Between Prevalence of Diabetes and PM2.5: A cross- Sectional, Ecological Study|
|Seyed Mahmoud Mehdinia1, Behnaz Beygi1, Ehsan Mosa Farkhani2, Ehsan Mosa Farkhani2, Ali Taghipour3, Seyed Kazem Farahmand4, Khalilollah Moeinian1|
|1Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2Khorasan Razavi Province Health Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
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Keywords : Particulate matter, Diabetes, Iran
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Objectives: Many epidemiologic researches have drawn considerations to the adverse effects of air pollutants like particulate matter 2.5 on human health. This study aimed to analyze the association between the air concentration of PM2.5 and the prevalence of diabetes in the city of Mashhad.
Materials and Methods: In this ecological study, the relationship between PM2.5 level and diagnosed diabetes prevalence in the Mashhad metropolis was assessed by spatiotemporal analysis at the block level by data obtained from the Environmental Pollutants Monitoring Center and SINA electronic health records (SinaEHR®). Subgroup analysis was performed pursuant to age and gender. The kernel density estimation analysis and Pearson correlation was used to guesstimate the association between PM2.5 and diabetes mellitus.
Results: A significant positive association was observed between PM2.5 concentrations and the prevalence of diabetes. The results of the kernel density estimation indicated that the R and S zones, which have the highest prevalence rates of diabetes, are the zones with the highest PM2.5 concentrations.
Conclusions: Moreover, the results showed that long-time exposure to PM2.5 increases the prevalence of diabetes in Mashhad.
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