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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Oct 2020, Vol 7, Issue 4
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Original Article
Explanation of Wet Liver Dystemperament (Sue-mizaj) Concept in Iranian Traditional Medicine (Persian Medicine): A Hybrid Concept Analysis
Fatemeh Hakimi1, Farideh Yaghmaei2, Abbas Alipour3, Majid Asghari4, Hasan Namdar5, Parisa Jafari6, Elham Parsa6, Mina Movahhed6
1Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Nursing Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
3Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Traditional Medicine Research Center, School of Traditional Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
5Department of Traditional Medicine, School of traditional medicine, Shahed University of medical science, Tehran, Iran
6Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran

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Keywords : Dystemperament, Liver, Concept analysis, Hybrid model, Iranian Traditional Medicine, Persian Medicine
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Objectives: The semiology of liver dystemperamentcan help us to predict susceptibility to some diseases and improve the treatment process of liver or general disease such as NAFLD. So the aim of this study is explanation of wet liver dystemperament concept in Iranian traditional medicine.The aim of tour study is providing of a complete definition with attention to experimental data.

Materials and Methods: This qualitative study is a concept analysis based on a hybrid model. In the literature review of this qualitative study, 11 major academic text books from the 3rd to 19th century and some databases were reviewed. In-depth, semi-structured and face-to-face interviews were conducted with 16 ITM experts with at least five years of clinical experience and maximum variation in terms of gender, age, clinical experience for empirical data gathering. Data analyzed with MAXQAD10 and conventional content analysis.

Results: In this study, wet liver dystemperament classified into three main themes of systemic, local, and Para-clinical symptoms and 10 categories. This study showed that diagnostic priorities of traditional medicine professors differ from those mentioned in the literature. Some diagnostic criterions such as pulse and urine that mentioned in the literature are less widely used today

Conclusion: This manuscript explains wet liver dystemperament as a disorder in general temperament and determines more important diagnostic criteria.


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Articles by Hakimi F
Articles by Yaghmaei F
Articles by Alipour A
Articles by Asghari M
Articles by Namdar H
Articles by Jafari P
Articles by Parsa E
Articles by Movahhed M


Articles by Fatemeh Hakimi
Articles by Farideh Yaghmaei
Articles by Abbas Alipour
Articles by Majid Asghari
Articles by Hasan Namdar
Articles by Parisa Jafari
Articles by Elham Parsa
Articles by Mina Movahhed

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