|Approach to "Belching Disorder": Avicenna's Point of View in Comparison with Modern Medicine—A Review|
|Mahshid Chaichi-Raghimi1,2, Morteza Mojahedi3,4, Ebrahim Khadem5, Seiedamirhossein Latifi6, Abbas Alipour7, Reza Ilkhani1|
|1Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Student Research Committee, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Traditional Medicine and History of Medical Sciences Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4Department of History of Medical Sciences, School of Persian Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
5Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
7Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
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Keywords : Avicenna, Belching, Eructation, Iranian Traditional Medicine, Persian Medicine
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Objectives: Excessive belching is a common complaint that may be seen alone or with other diseases such as indigestion and reflux. It has adverse effects on the patients’ social life. Due to the insufficient evidence for successful treatment of this disorder, we decided to review the medical views of Avicenna, to find a better solution for the treatment of this disorder.
Materials and Methods: This is a literature review, that was done by searching for "belching" and its MeSH heading term: "eructation" in Google scholar and Pub Med and their synonym in Iranian Traditional Medicine "Josha" in Avicenna's "Canon of Medicine."
Results: The definition of belching in modern medicine was the same as “Josha” but its classifications and treatments were different. Modern scientists have divided excessive belching into gastric and supragastric based on its source, but Avicenna divided it into three kinds based on its smell. In recent studies, specialists have come to the link between the brain and the stomach due to the inadequacy of their therapies, while Avicenna has pointed out the relationship between belching and certain organs for centuries. He recommended the three main approaches for its treatment: lifestyle modification, herbal medicines, and physical manipulations.
Conclusion: Considering the lack of effective treatment for excessive belching, it is important to present a better classification and management. This might be possible with regard to Avicenna's “Canon of Medicine.” Clinical trials are suggested to assess the efficacy of Avicenna’s recommendations as a complementary method.
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