|A New Outlook on Hypertension (Avicenna's viewpoints)|
|Maryam Navabzadeh1, Asie Shojaii2, Iman Nakhaei3, Roshanak Ghods4|
|1Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Traditional Pharmacy, Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4Department of Persian Medicine, Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Avicenna, Hypertension, Mizaj, Persian medicine
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Objectives: Regarding the increasing prevalence of hypertension and its associated disabilities, it is be beneficial to physicians to build on the potential of other medical schools like Persian medicine (PM) as it can provide useful knowledge of the factors leading to hypertension by identifying its pathogenesis in another medical attitude. Thus, the present study aimed at applying a strategy to prevent and treat hypertension.
Materials and Methods: The current qualitative brief report reviewing was initiated valid databases. Subsequently, the risk factors of hypertension were extracted using the keywords hypertension, high blood pressure, prevalence, epidemiology, and predisposing and risk factors. Then, each of these factors was matched conceptually to the fundamentals (four qualities or Mizaj) of Persian medicine, Avicenna’s book (The Canon of Medicine); and finally the results were analyzed.
Results: The known risk factors for hypertension, i.e. 6 items were prone to occur in an individual before the onset of clinical hypertension due to his/her increased coldness and 7 due to increased dryness. Given a few reports taking hypertension more associated with the warmth quality, it is probable that the patients with hypertension have a basically warm temperament, but that they will experience hypertension upon encountering with factors that result in increased coldness and dryness.
Conclusions: According to four qualities in PM, the etiology and pathogenesis of hypertension can be better understood. Thus, hypertension can be prevented in risky people by making modifications in lifestyle; and hence, changes in body qualities and orientation towards a relatively balanced state.
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